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  • Tanisha Gupta

What is Estoppel?


When one person has, by his declaration or by his act, intentionally caused or permitted another person to believe a thing to be true and to act upon such belief neither he nor his representative shall be allowed, in any suit or proceeding between himself and such person or his representative, to deny the truth of that thing.


The doctrine of estoppel has gained a new dimension in recent years with the recognition of an equitable doctrine of promissory estoppel both by English and Indian courts. According to it, if a promise is made in the expectation that it should be acted upon in the future, and it was in fact acted upon, the party making the promise will not be allowed to back out of it.