The Everyday Dictionary of Law

The Everyday Dictionary of Law provides legal vocabulary currently in use in common law jurisdictions such as most notably, in the United States. The dictionary is compiled specifically for commercial and intellectual property law practitioners, which provides simple definitions and meanings in American English, for legal terms (including Latin terms) used in formal correspondence, court proceedings, and motion practice as well as common language words that are frequently used in the same. It is a simple reference guide for attorneys, paralegals as well as casual readers who need to check the meaning of a particular legal term in due course of their work.

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Fixation

Definition:

Fixation is the process or result of recording a work of authorship in tangible form. Fixation of a work or object of related rights in material form (including storage in an electronic (computer) memory), must be done in a sufficiently stable form, in a way that on this basis the work or object of related rights may be perceived, reproduced or communicated to the public. Fixation in material form is not always a necessary prerequisite of protectability, but the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (1971) allows national copyright laws to make fixation such a condition. The fixation of traditional cultural expressions in a material form may establish new intellectual property rights in the fixation and these rights may be used indirectly to protect the traditional cultural expressions themselves such a strategy has been used to protect ancient rock art. It has been argued that the use of the term “expression” could give the impression of a fixation requirement for protection of traditional cultural expressions.