top of page

The Everyday Dictionary of Law

The Everyday Dictionary of Law provides legal vocabulary currently in use in common law jurisdictions such as most notably, in the United States. The dictionary is compiled specifically for commercial and intellectual property law practitioners, which provides simple definitions and meanings in American English, for legal terms (including Latin terms) used in formal correspondence, court proceedings, and motion practice as well as common language words that are frequently used in the same. It is a simple reference guide for attorneys, paralegals as well as casual readers who need to check the meaning of a particular legal term in due course of their work.


The information provided by Carthaginian Ventures Private Limited d/b/a Copperpod IP (“we,” “us” or “our”) on this site is for general informational purposes only. All information on the website is provided in good faith, however, we make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability, or completeness of any information on the site. Under no circumstance shall we have any liability to you for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as a result of the use of the site or reliance on any information provided on the site. Your use and  and reliance on any information on the site constitutes your understanding, acceptance and agreement of these terms and conditions.


High Level Architecture.

Hague System

Hague Agreement Concerning the International Deposit of Industrial Designs
Similar to the Madrid System, this system administered by WIPO provides a mechanism for registering designs in several countries with one application.


Used when defining the scope of a claim.
A transitional phrase that is synonymous with (means the same thing as) "including," "containing" or "characterized by;" is inclusive or open-ended and does not exclude additional, unrecited elements or method steps.

Heritage (of Indigenous People)

The “heritage of indigenous peoples” (and other peoples) or “indigenous cultural heritage” refers broadly to the items described in the Draft Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of the Heritage of Indigenous People, 2000, developed by the Chairperson-Rapporteur of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, Mrs. Erica-Irene Daes. Paragraphs 12, 13 and 14 of the Guidelines provide definitions. Paragraph 12 states that: “[t]he heritage of indigenous peoples has a collective character and is comprised of all objects, sites and knowledge including languages, the nature or use of which has been transmitted from generation to generation, and which is regarded as pertaining to a particular people or its territory of traditional natural use. The heritage of indigenous peoples also includes objects, sites, knowledge and literary or artistic creation of that people which may be created or rediscovered in the future based upon their heritage.”


A “holder” is “a person who has legal possession of a negotiable instrument and is entitled to receive payment on it.” WIPO uses this term to refer to all persons who create, originate, develop and preserve traditional knowledge in a traditional setting and context. Indigenous communities, peoples and nations are traditional knowledge holders, but not all traditional knowledge holders are indigenous.64 In this context, “traditional knowledge” refers to both traditional knowledge stricto sensu and traditional cultural expressions.

Home Copy

A copy of an international application filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty maintained by the receiving Office where the international application was filed.

habeas corpus

/ˈheɪbɪəs ˈkɔːpəs/ /heibiəs ˈkɔrpəs/

Latin for "May you have the body". A writ used to challenge the legality of detention. Orders the detaining party to "have the (living) body" of the detained brought before the court where the detention will be investigated.

heredes proximi

/hɪˈriːdiːz prɒkˈsɪmɪ/
/hɪidirz prɑkˈsɪmə/

Latin for "Closest heirs". heredes proximi

hereditas iacens

/hɪˌrɛdɪˈtɛəɪs ɪəsɛns/
/həˌrɛdɪˈtɛiəs ɪəˈsɛns/

Latin for "lying inheritance". Estate of inheritance before vesting in heirs


/hɪəriːz/ /hɪrz/

Latin for "Heir".

hostis humani generis

/həʊstɪs hjuːməni dʒɛnərɪs/
/hoʊstɪs hjuːˈmeinai ˈdʒenərɪs/

Latin for "enemy of the human race". A party considered to be the enemy of all nations, such as maritime pirates.


/haɪpəʊˈθiːkə/ /haɪˈpɑθˌɛkə/


bottom of page