Digital Rights Management: Comparing PlayReady, FairPlay and WideVine

As of 2019, there are more video streaming subscribers than paid TV subscribers worldwide, accessing over 500 licensed online video portals. With increase in demand for online video portals, digital piracy has also increased. Digital piracy is enabled by pirated devices, apps and websites (such as BitTorrent and The Pirate Bay) which help users to download unauthorized content such as television shows, latest movies, and/or games over the internet. According to a report from the US Chamber of Commerce, online piracy costs US economy almost $30 billion a year with pirated videos being viewed over 200 billion times. However, the impact of piracy is not limited to loss of revenue only. GIPC’s r

Overcoming Prior Art Under U.S.C. §103 (Non-Obviousness)

35 USC §103 describes the condition of patentability referred to as non-obviousness. It reads as follows: ‘’A patent for a claimed invention may not be obtained, notwithstanding that the claimed invention is not identically disclosed as set forth in section 102, if the differences between the claimed invention and the prior art are such that the claimed invention as a whole would have been obvious before the effective filing date of the claimed invention to a person having ordinary skill in the art to which the claimed invention pertains. Patentability shall not be negated by the manner in which the invention was made.’’ When a patent examiner is unable to find a single prior art reference

Deepfake and AI: To Be or Not To Be

"No problem can be solved from the same level of consciousness that created it" – Albert Einstein Tech companies like Facebook, Microsoft, and Google are facing problems dealing with the onslaught of AI-generated fake media known as Deepfakes. “Deepfake” is so named because it uses Deep Learning (DL) technology – a branch of Machine Learning that applies net simulation to massive data sets, to create a “FAKE”. Deepfake videos or images are created by replacing a face in an existing image or video with a fake mask produced using AI. Deep Learning is a part of Machine Learning (ML) based on Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). Learning can be supervised, semi-supervised or unsupervised. ANN is a

Indirect Infringement: What is it and how to prove it?

Receiving a patent does not automatically provide patent holders with security against patent infringement of the patent. When a patent holder feels that their innovation is vulnerable, they must take necessary measures to protect their invention from exploitation. This includes the patent holder proceeding for a patent infringement litigation. In 2019, for example, patent holders across the US filed 3,446 patent infringement lawsuits. Patent infringement occurs in broadly two forms: Direct Infringement and Indirect Infringement (which can further be divided into induced infringement and contributory infringement). A patent is said to be directly infringed when a person without authority mak

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